What is total joint replacement?
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure where part or all of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic prosthesis. The prosthesis is engineered to replicate the movement of a regular, healthy joint.
More than 1 million total joint replacements are performed each year. Hip Replacement and knee Replacement are the most commonly performed joint replacements. Replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, including ankle replacement, elbow replacement, shoulder replacement, and wrist replacement.
What is a joint?
There are several different types of joints in the body. A joint is where the ends of two or more bones meet. The knee is considered a “hinge” joint, because of its ability to bend and straighten like a hinge found on a door. The shoulder and hip are “ball and socket” joints, where the rounded end of a bone fits into a cup-shaped area of another bone.
When is replacement Recommended?
Many conditions can cause joint pain and disability, causing patients to consider joint replacement. In most cases, joint pain is caused by damaged cartilage lining the ends of the bones (articular cartilage) from arthritis, a fracture, or another condition.
When nonsurgical treatments like physical therapy, medications, or adjustments to your everyday activities do not provide relief of pain and disability, your doctor may recommend joint replacement.
Where does the surgery take place?
Total joint replacement surgery may take several hours. The procedure is performed in a hospital or our TCO surgery center.